"A New Kind of War": America's Global Strategy and the by Howard Jones

By Howard Jones

America's adventure in Greece has frequently been mentioned as a version by way of these later policymakers in Washington who regard the involvement as a "victory" for American overseas coverage. certainly, President Johnson and others observed Greece because the version for America's deepening involvement in Vietnam in the course of the mid-1960's. Greece grew to become the battlefield for a brand new form of war--one that incorporated using guerrilla struggle, propaganda, warfare within the shadows, terror strategies and victory in accordance with outlasting the enemy. It used to be additionally a try out sooner than the realm of America's unravel to guard the primary of self-determination. Jones argues that American coverage in the direction of Greece was once the point of interest within the improvement of an international method designed to wrestle totalitarianism. He additionally argues that had the White condominium and others drawn the true "lessons" from the intervention in Greece, the choices concerning Vietnam could have been extra rigorously notion out.

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Extra resources for "A New Kind of War": America's Global Strategy and the Truman Doctrine in Greece

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Increasing hostilities along Greece's northern borders caused the cabinet in Athens to seek British HOLDING THE LINE IN GREECE 23 approval for an enlargement of Greek armed forces. But the British refused because the move would necessitate another huge expenditure from a rapidly depleting treasury. 18 It was clear in London that a withdrawal could assure the loss of Greece unless the United States—which had exasperated British leaders by its indecisiveness—stepped in now and assumed the burden.

The Soviets were unquestionably extending military assistance to groups seeking to overthrow the Greek government. America's ambassador INTRODUCTION 15 to Greece, Lincoln MacVeagh, observed that communist-caused chaos would not necessarily lead to direct Soviet intervention as long as Russiancontrolled forces in the states bordering Greece could achieve the same goal. 28 The Department of State warned that a communist takeover of Greece would facilitate the Soviets' "master plan" for the encirclement of Turkey and their penetration into the eastern Mediterranean.

Porter would make a firsthand inspection to determine Greece's economic needs. Porter was wellqualified for the task. Former legal counsel for the Department of Agriculture, later for the CBS radio network, he had worked with the Office of Price Administration during the war, and then with the Office of Economic Stabilization, before becoming OPA administrator in 1946. S. representative on the UN border commission would provide his candid assessment of the situation. In midJanuary 1947, the Porter economic mission landed in Athens and would soon talk with hundreds of Greek businessmen, engineers, economists, factory workers, farmers, and spokesmen for a large number of organizations.

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