By Eugenio Gaddini
Eugenio Gaddini, a pioneer in the Italian psychoanalytical stream, committed a life of examine to the association of childish psychological existence. during this edited number of his papers Dr Adam Limentani introduces Gaddini's key theories exhibiting how they're heavily associated with, yet assorted from, the considering Phyllis Greenacre, Donald Winnicott and Melanie Klein. those principles are of significant medical relevance for the remedy of grownup sufferers, fairly within the realizing of psychosomatic problems. The richness of the medical proof with which Gaddini helps his speculation, and the originality of his conceptions make this a lucrative and stimulating ebook for the working towards analyst and psychotherapist.
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Extra resources for A Psychoanalytic Theory of Infantile Experience: Conceptual and Clinical Reflections (The New Library of Psychoanalysis, Vol. 16)
I should stress that this is the passage which suggested the term `compensation mechanism', which I ha ve used in this paper. However that may be, what I would point out is that since Freud, very little if any progress has been made in investigations of the various processes through which libido modifies and utilizes aggression and I am convinced that further research in this direction could greatly increase our knowledge of aggressive manifestations. All this leads to a reassessment of a longstanding polemic with regard to libido, among those who accuse Freud of having overemphasized instinct to the detriment of the object and object relationship.
The period immediately following consists in the active development of fantasies in which these two characteristicsÐno objective reference to reality and a magical restoration of the omnipotent fusion with the objectÐcontinue to constitute the essential fact. This belongs to the `symbiotic phase' (second-fifthsixth month) of Mahler and La Perriere (1965). These fantasies of fusion, however, can last for a long time, even beyond the pre-Oedipal period (Jacobson 1964). As far as the early introjections are concerned, according to Fenichel (1945: 37) in this period `in the unconscious all sense organs are conceived as mouthlike'.
If we attribute the quality of pleasure primarily to libidinal energy, as what we know about libido would in all probability lead us to do, we would conclude that there is AGGRESSION AND THE PLEASURE PRINCIPLE 35 actually no pleasure which does not have something to do with the libidinal energy. Consequently, the quality of unpleasure would be connected exclusively with the other type of energy; that is, what we call aggressive energy. However primitive this energy might appear, compared to the level of individual development, the important thing is that right from the beginning it would be qualitatively aggressive.