By Olga Tellegen-Couperus
Crucial construction of the Romans used to be their legislation. during this booklet, Dr Tellegen-Couperus discusses the best way the Roman jurists created and constructed legislations and how within which Roman legislation has come all the way down to us. detailed consciousness is given to questions equivalent to `who have been the jurists and their legislations faculties' and to the shut connection among jurists and the politics in their time.
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Additional info for A short history of Roman law
He was the praetor qui inter peregrines ius dicit, a title which afterwards was shortened to praetor peregrines. 4 At the beginning of the first century BC Sulla increased the number of praetors to eight. Six of them were given the task of supervising the newly instituted criminal courts, while the other two praetors, urbanus and peregrinus, retained the iurisdictio in Rome and in Italy; outside the capital they were represented by the praefecti iure dicundo. The two censors occupied a special position in the magistrature: they had no imperium and therefore were not top magistrates, but they were not subordinate to the other magistrates.
Such things were known much earlier in the eastern countries, in Greece and in the Hellenistic world. When the Romans conquered these countries they took possession of the large stocks of gold and silver belonging to their victims, and entered the banking business themselves. Romans became established in the large commercial centres where they provided facilities for people to deposit their money; they also arranged for payments to be made and they granted credit. g. by Greek cities. The oldest known Roman coins date from the beginning of the third century BC.
Some of these norms were regarded as being of human origin, some as of divine origin, but there had never been any clear distinction between the two categories. Traditional Roman religion was not particularly concerned about the hereafter; it focused chiefly on the maintenance of good relations with all kinds of supernatural powers that were considered to influence human existence; for this purpose prayer meetings and sacrificial services had to be held in accordance with certain rites that were prescribed in great detail.