A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company by Barbara Belyea

By Barbara Belyea

Anthony Henday, a tender Hudson’s Bay corporation worker, set out from York manufacturing unit in June 1754 to iciness with “trading Indians” alongside the Saskatchewan River. He tailored willingly and simply to their lifestyle; he additionally saved a magazine within which he defined the plains quarter and took observe of rival French investors’ luck at their inland posts. a duplicate of Henday’s magazine was once instantly despatched to the corporate administrators in London. They rewarded Henday handsomely even supposing they have been doubtful the place he had travelled, what teams he had met at the plains, and what good fortune he had in opposing rival French investors. when you consider that then, uncertainty approximately Henday’s 12 months inland has elevated. the unique magazine disappeared; simply 4 copies, courting from 1755 to approximately 1782, are extant. every one textual content differs from the opposite 3; the variations diversity from version spellings to be aware option to contradictory statements on important questions. All 4 copies are the paintings of a firm clerk, later issue, named Andrew Graham, who used them to help his personal perspectives on HBC buying and selling regulations. Twentieth-century students have dependent their claims for Henday’s significance as an explorer, dealer and observer of local cultures on a poorly edited transcript of the 1782 textual content. they've been unaware or careless of the journal’s textual ambiguity. A yr Inland offers all 4 copies for the 1st time, including contextual notes and a statement that reassesses the journal’s info on plains geography, humans and exchange.

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Since the copyist Andrew Graham’s A, M, P, S and often W are enlarged minuscules rather than distinctly shaped majuscules, size alone becomes the criterion of capitalization. Graham’s C regularly falls below the line, but is so emphatic that a print capital gives a closer impression of the written letter than lower-case type. Manuscript punctuation and headings, which vary from one text to the next, are reproduced without standardization. All distinctive manuscript marks—flourishes, abnormal spacing, and words or letters obscured by discoloration of the paper—are recorded in the textual notes.

Land and woods as yesterday, passed 17 falls and were obliged to carry our things over 4. 2/11 30. Sunday. b W. W. the lands and Woods as Yesterday: passed seventeen places, where the water was so shoal as to be under the necessity to carry our goods and Canoes over. 239/a/40 1754 July ye 1st Monday fine weather Wind att NWt took my Departure from Musketo point, and Steered NWt 17 miles, towards noon thunder and a great deal of Rain, very high Rocky Land & shrube woods, nothing but falls and heaps of Large Stones, that we are Obliged to Lead our Canoes a mile together and Carry them & our Goods over the falls.

An absence of a clear sense of priorities . . ’’16 Bumsted does not define ‘‘accurate test’’ or ‘‘complete text,’’ while ‘‘context’’ is assumed to be the events, characters, setting and conditions that produced the document and that figure in the text. The Occasional Papers of the Champlain Society for 1992 provides a second theoretical statement on Canadian editing, by ethnohistorian and editor Jennifer S. H. Brown. 17 Brown considers the editorial process as a series of five textual operations.

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