By Paul Tennant
This booklet offers the 1st complete remedy of the land query in British Columbia and is the 1st to check the fashionable political heritage of British Columbia Indians. It covers the land query from its very beginnings and provides specified realization to the newest court docket judgements, govt guidelines, land declare advancements, and Indian protest blockades. Aboriginal claims stay a arguable yet little understood factor in modern Canada. British Columbia has been, and is still, the atmosphere for the main excessive and chronic calls for through local humans, and in addition for the most powerful and so much constant competition to local claims by way of governments and the non-aboriginal public. Land has been the fundamental query; the Indians have claimed carrying on with possession whereas the province has steadfastly denied the chance. offering a brand new interpretation of Governor James Douglas, Paul Tennant perspectives him as much less beneficiant to the Indians than have such a lot different historians and demonstrates how Douglas used to be mostly chargeable for the longer term process the land query. unlike what many non-Indians are assuming, the Indians of British Columbia started their land claims initially of white cost and persisted regardless of the large efforts of missionaries and govt officers to suppress Indian tradition, and regardless of Parliament's outlawing of claim-related actions. The Indians emerge during this publication as political innovators who maintained their identification and beliefs and who at the present time have extra energy and harmony than ever ahead of. the writer has performed vast interviews with many Indian leaders and has tested the interior workings of presidency firms and Indian political firms. whereas sympathetic to local claims, he focuses as a lot on disasters and deficiencies as on strengths and successes. "Paul Tennant is an affiliate Professor within the division of Political technology on the college of British Columbia.". This e-book is meant for.
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Extra resources for Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989
What Douglas did was proceed to create land reserves for thé Indians and allow them thé same rights as Whites to other lands. While thé outline of Douglas's actual policies on both thé Island and thé Mainland is well known, their rationale and détails hâve not been fully examined; nor has account been taken of thé incompatibility between those policies and récognition of aboriginal title. It is thèse factors, however, that point to a solution to thé Douglas puzzle. In Britain during thé 18508 there had been a décline of concern over thé treatment of aboriginal and other non-white peoples in thé colo- The Douglas "System" 27 nies.
We're not talking about being sovereign nations as far as having post offices, armed forces and monetary Systems of our own. 31 Underlying thé land claims, but usually unspoken by Indians and unnoticed by non-Indians, is thé passionate Indian désire that nonIndians, both ordinary people and government leaders, acknowledge and appreciate thé simple historical fact that Indians were présent in established societies of high attainment before Europeans arrived. For this reason, Indian demands for negotiation are almost always expressed with vigour and émotion, and they are usually phrased in terms of thé claimant group's historié identity.
For thé most part thé purchases were paid for not with thé cash referred to in thé documents, but with blankets and with thé value of blankets inflated by several times their cost to thé Company. Altogether thé purchases involved some 358 square miles, which is about 3 per cent of Vancouver Island's area. The fourteen purchase documents are variously referred to as thé Fort Victoria treaties, thé Vancouver Island treaties, or thé Douglas treaties. 12 This view can only dérive from relying more on thé wording of Barclay's instructions than on thé wording of thé treaties and thus failing to realize that Douglas in fact departed from those instructions.