By Gaëlle Krikorian, Amy Kapczynski
On the finish of the 20 th century, highbrow estate rights collided with way of life. Expansive copyright legislation and electronic rights administration applied sciences sought to close down new sorts of copying and remixing made attainable via the web. foreign legislation increasing patent rights threatened the lives of hundreds of thousands of individuals all over the world residing with HIV/AIDS by means of proscribing their entry to reasonable favourite medications. for many years, governments have tightened the grip of highbrow estate legislation on the bidding of data industries; yet lately, teams have emerged world wide to problem this wave of enclosure with a brand new counter-politics of "access to knowledge" or "A2K." They contain software program programmers who took to the streets to defeat software program patents in Europe, AIDS activists who compelled multinational pharmaceutical businesses to allow copies in their drugs to be bought in negative nations, subsistence farmers protecting their rights to meals safeguard or entry to agricultural biotechnology, and school scholars who created a brand new "free culture" flow to safeguard the electronic commons. Access to wisdom within the Age of highbrow Property maps this rising box of activism as a sequence of historic moments, thoughts, and ideas. It gathers one of the most vital thinkers and advocates within the box to make the stakes and methods at play during this new area noticeable and the phrases of highbrow estate legislation intelligible of their political implications around the globe. an inventive Commons version of this paintings can be freely on hand online.
Contributors: Ahmed Abdel Latif, Philippe Aigrain, Jeffrey Atteberry, Yochai Benkler, Yann Moulier Boutaing, Carlos Correa, Laura DeNardis, Sarah Deutsch, Peter Drahos, Hala Essalmawi, Rick Falkvinge, Sean Flynn, Vera Franz, Spring Gombe, Anil Gupta, Ellen 't Hoen, Charles Igwe, Eddan Katz, Kannikar Kijtiwatchakul, Gaëlle Krikorian, Lawrence Liang, Jiraporn Limpananont, James Love, Leena Menghaney, Viviana Munoz, Sisule F. Musungu, HeeSeob Nam, Chan Park, Eloan Pinheiro dos Santos, Achal Prabhala, Onno Purbo, Manon Ress, Caroline Rossini, Susan promote, Sangeeta Shashikant, Roberto Verzola, Jo Walsh
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Additional resources for Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property
See Gaëlle Krikorian, “Access to Knowledge as a Field of Activism” in this volume and Amy Kapczynski, “The Access to Knowledge Mobilization and the New Politics of Intellectual Property,” Yale Law Journal 117 no. ssrn. abstract_id=1323525. M. : Brookings Institution Press, 1999), pp. 25–28. , p. 24. 1 2 3 4 5 48 kapczynski 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Manuel Castells, The Rise of the Network Society, 2nd ed. (Oxford: Blackwell, 2000), pp. 169–72. Fritz Machlup, The Production and Distribution of Knowledge in the United States (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1962), p.
But explaining precisely why this is so should await a discussion of the development of the concept of the “commons” in the access to knowledge movement—for it is that discussion that has made this point clear. a conceptual genealogy 29 inventing a politics for the information age Against this backdrop of enclosure and conquest has emerged a field of activism that here goes under the name of the access to knowledge movement. One mark of this new mobilization is the attempt to articulate a common language in which to contest the contours of existing intellectual property rules.
The conditions of access are contested, that is, precisely in the terms of the discourse underlying the concept of intellectual property, requiring A2K advocates to do more than simply argue that they are for access because they are opposed to exclusive rights in medicines. The demand for access is by necessity constructed on a deeper theory of what it means to make medicines accessible—one that is built upon the values of freedom and openness that are evolving within the discourse of the A2K movement, but anchored in the demands for distributive justice that motivate the call for access.