Advances in Flow Research by Stefan Engeser

By Stefan Engeser

The idea that of circulation used to be first defined by way of Csikszentmihalyi (1975), defined as an optimum event, he famous that artists have been solely stuck up of their initiatives, operating feverishly to complete them after which lose all curiosity of their paintings after finishing touch. the motivation lies within the act of creativity itself. the individual feels optimally challenged whereas completely immersed within the task. on the center of circulation study is the motivational point of this adventure. stream motivates humans to hold out yes actions time and again, looking a problem within the act and looking out to enhance their talents and talents. during this booklet, this motivational element could be imbedded in and relating to different theories of (intrinsic) motivation and empirical paintings on move and function. The publication presents a assessment of the present movement learn, with a spotlight on rigorous research on technique. the writer takes the time to offer methodological elements in circulate study to qualify empirical paintings. additionally, this quantity offers neuropsychological issues and empirical correlates of movement reports. The paintings additionally describes a number of theoretical integrations of the several paths being taken in the box of circulate examine. It offers what has been realized because the starting of circulate learn, what's nonetheless open, and the way the project to appreciate and foster circulation event learn may still proceed.

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3 (continued) “To have just mastered a threatening and anxiety-inducing situation” such as a storm (windsurfing, p. 12) “To experience nice and elegant movements; the perfect interplay between the skis and one’s own movements” (skiing, p. 9) “To enjoy the atmosphere of the mountains” (skiing, p. 10) “When I play music, I am totally concentrated on what I am playing. No disturbing thoughts, the environment, even pain, I do not feel them anymore” (music, p. 10) “Through music I can express myself: I put all my personality into it” (music, p.

Having recognized this desideratum, Rheinberg concluded that the incentives of activities could best be studied in leisure activities and began with an analogous research question to that of Csikszentmihalyi: why are individuals highly engaged in activities with no obvious rewards or even with high costs? Besides the analogous research question, the methodological approach of Rheinberg’s and Csikszentmihalyi’s work wasw very similar as well. Rheinberg also conducted in-depth interviews with individuals engaging in motorcycling and windsurfing (Rheinberg 1982, 1986), which were later supplemented with musicians and skiers (Rheinberg 1993; cf.

Capturing Flow in Special Endeavors Description of the Measurement Method The interviews that Csikszentmihalyi (1975/2000) conducted with participants from a wide range of occupations produced a wealth of textual descriptions of the flow experience in various domains of human endeavor. Some of the most insightful and clear descriptions of flow were then selected and condensed to create the first measurement method for flow, the flow questionnaire (FQ; Csikszentmihalyi and Csikszentmihalyi 1988b). The FQ proposes definitions of flow and asks respondents to recognize them, describe the situations and activities in which they experi- 2 On the Measurement and Conceptualization of Flow 25 ence flow, and rate their subjective experience when they are engaged in flow-conducive activities.

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