Alcohol and Speech by Steven B. Chin;David B. Pisoni

By Steven B. Chin;David B. Pisoni

''Alcohol and Speech'' serves as a unmarried, unifying reference resource for these drawn to speech motor results obvious within the acoustic checklist, response occasions, speech conversation recommendations, and perceptual judgments. Written through a linguist and a psychologist, the e-book presents an analytic orientation towards speech and alcohol with an emphasis on laboratory-based study in acoustic-phonetics and speech technological know-how. it's a complete evaluate of the results of alcohol on speech and compares a number of the theoretical matters which shape this learn. reports of either alcohol and speech were infrequent simply because every one box has its personal experimental protocols, methodologies, and learn agendas. This e-book fills a long-standing hole and is exclusive in delivering either breadth of insurance and intensity of research. A case research regarding the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound develops a few of the felony implications of this study. It illustrates a unified standpoint for the learn of alcohol and speech. It comprises the advantage of years of analysis on alcohol and speech. It presents a wealth of analysis to investigators in a wide selection of disciplines: drugs, psychology, speech, forensics, legislations, and human components. It demonstrates how alcohol and speech study applies in a pragmatic state of affairs: the Exxon Valdez grounding. It features a thesaurus in addition to various tables and graphs for a fast assessment of knowledge and effects.

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Sobell et al. offered some possible explanations for this. It might have been that the ability to self-monitor pitch remained unaffected by alcohol, or the sampling method may not have been sensitive enough to small perturbations in frequency (jitter). 166 6. Research Review II: 1 9 6 6 - 1 9 8 2 Among the vocal quality dimensions, speaking rate, articulation, and drunkenness were significantly affected by the high alcohol dose, but nasality and inflection remained unaffected by either dose. Sobell et al.

Only rarely have speech researchers ventured beyond these traditional areas to explore the effects of variables like alcohol or other drugs on speech production. Historically, studies of this kind have not been of interest to speech science, acousticphonetics, or linguistics. Second, researchers working on alcohol and impairment have not been interested in speech production or perception. Moreover, and perhaps most importantly, these researchers typically do not have specialized training and experience in linguistics, speech science, acousticphonetics, or electrical engineering, which would provide them with the necessary tools, methodologies, and conceptual framework to study speech production in a scientific way.

1986). In spite of results that are consistent with other research, however, the usefulness of the report by Fontan et al. is diminished by at least two factors. First, no explicit measurement criteria or analysis techniques were provided, nor were specific measurements. Second, there was no explicit comparison of the results reported here with acoustic characteristics of speech produced by nonalcoholic talkers. 11 Collins, 1980 15 9 speech, to speech produced under acute intoxication, and to speech produced under nervous system disorders.

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