An Introduction to Brain and Behavior (4th Edition) by Bryan Kolb, Ian Q. Whishaw

By Bryan Kolb, Ian Q. Whishaw

Authored via popular researchers and veteran academics, An advent to mind and behaviour is helping scholars attach nervous-system job to human behaviour. Drawing at the most up-to-date study and revealing case reviews, this 4th variation includes a new topic of epigenetics, extended pedagogy, and up-to-date insurance all through.

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Experience likewise plays a part. Children who are above average in intelligence but attend a substandard school, for example, have learning experiences that are far different from the experiences of similarly intelligent children who attend a model school. Epigenetics is the study of differences in gene expression related to environment and experience. Epigenetic factors do not change your genes, but they do influence how your genes express the traits you’ve inherited from your parents. Epigenetic changes can persist throughout a lifetime, and the cumulative effects can make dramatic differences in how your genes work.

Darwin and Mendel were nineteenth-century contemporaries. Briefly contrast the methods they used to reach their scientific conclusions. Answers appear at the back of the book. 1-3 Evolution of Brains and of Behavior 1-3 • Evolution of Brains and of Behavior common ancestor Forebearer from which two or more lineages or family groups arise and so is ancestral to both groups. nerve net Simple nervous system that has no brain or spinal cord but consists of neurons that receive sensory information and connect directly to other neurons that move muscles.

Imaging of blood flow in the brain associated with the use of “chimpanzeeish” indicates that the same brain regions that are activated when humans speak are also activated when chimpanzees speak (Taglialatela, 2011). These findings strongly support the idea that human language has antecedents in the vocalizations and gestures of non­human animals. AP Images/Great Ape Trust/dapd Language is such a striking characteristic of our species that it was once thought to be a trait unique to humans. Nevertheless, evolutionary theory predicts that language is unlikely to have appeared full-blown in modern humans.

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