By Steven Beller
Anti-Semitism has been a chillingly chronic presence in the course of the final millennium, culminating nowa days within the horror of the ultimate resolution. This Very brief advent examines and untangles many of the strands of anti-Semitism noticeable all through historical past, revealing why hatred of the Jews seems to be so power via time. Steven Beller illuminates the background of the phenomenon: from medieval spiritual clash, to the expansion of anti-Semitism as a political and ideological circulation within the nineteenth century, to the "new" anti-Semitism of the twenty first century, as mirrored in Holocaust denial and Islamic anti-Zionism. the writer additionally discusses the function and attitudes of key figures resembling Wagner, Nietzsche, and Marx, in addition to key texts corresponding to the cast "Protocols of the Elders of Zion." briefly, this compact booklet deals an insightful account that underscores how anti-Semitism reached it its darkish apogee within the worst genocide in sleek history--the Holocaust--and the way it nonetheless persists worldwide today.
The most powerful a part of Beller's publication is his exemplary introductory bankruptcy, "What is Anti-Semitism?", which may be required analyzing for all scholars of the Nazis and the Sah, of ethnic violence and of historiography. magazine of recent Jewish Studies
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Extra info for Antisemitism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)
The Czech radical, Karel Baxa, who later became Prague’s mayor, was a leading instigator of the Polna Affair of 1899–1900. In this miscarriage of justice, Leopold Hilsner was accused in collaboration with others of murder of a Christian girl, in other words ritual murder, and found guilty by a Czech jury. Yet, as Gary Cohen has well illustrated, the Czechs’ German opponents in the national battle over Prague adopted the reverse tactic, of cooperating with and welcoming the support of Prague’s German-speaking Jews.
Meanwhile, the tutelary state was to remake the Jews in its own image. The new German-language schools for Jews that Joseph II’s policies instituted in Bohemia were intended to make the Jews more useful, because more easy to integrate into non-Jewish society and the economy, but they were also intended to make Jews less Antisemitism ‘Jewish’ and more like model, ethnically neutral, ‘Austrian’ citizens – theoretically like everyone else. Policy in Prussia and most other German states was similar.
More recent studies, such as that of Heinz-Dietrich Löwe, have revised this somewhat, and pointed out the ways in which some ‘enlightened absolutist’, and even occasionally liberal, policies were attempted to integrate Jews into the Russian Empire’s economy and society. The overall impression given by Tsarist Jewish policy, however, remains one based on ignorance, prejudice, and incompetence, ranging from general puzzlement about what to do with Jews to deep paranoia about what the Jews could do to Russian society.