By Guido Di Tella, Carlos Braun
Representing the speeches and papers given by means of ministers or different experts on the symposium on Argentina's financial coverage 1946-1983 held in Toledo, Spain, this assortment spans either the commercial and political dimensions of the advance of Argentinian financial regulations.
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Additional info for Argentina, 1946–83: The Economic Ministers Speak
A general indexation of the economy was implemented, a policy that reversed the adverse external position, but did not help reduce inflationary pressures. The policies tried also to prevent a collapse of economic activity, which it was feared might occur in the last part of 1975 as a result of the mid-year price explosion. This was achieved, but at the cost of allowing inflation to stabilize at 7 to 10 per cent per month. One of the most serious problems brought forward by rampant inflation was the fall in the real value of tax receipts: the deficit doubled and jumped to more than 12 per cent of GDP in 1975.
The main problem was how to evaluate their capital: the company's standards did not match our own since we emphasized the historical cost. Finally, after many negotiations, we reached an agreement that was highly advantageous for our country. When the Revoluci6n Libertadora took over, the company managers claimed that everything had been carried out through blackmail. So the agreement was cancelled and new negotiations led to buying CADE at a much higher cost than it was worth, thus incurring an enormous foreign debt.
The main thrust was the repression of the subversive movements through illegal paramilitary means, a repression that had started during the previous administration, and a liberalization of the economy. The first policies 'unloosened' prices but kept wages nominally fixed - later they were gradually freed. Major changes were avoided in most areas and what was called a 'gradual' policy was followed. The exchange rates were unified at the higher of the two rates and the black market disappeared, helped by the confidence that the new government inspired.