By Edward Foley
The 2000 presidential election, with its difficulties in Florida, was once no longer the 1st significant vote-counting controversy within the nation's history--nor the final. poll Battles strains the evolution of America's adventure with those disputes, from 1776 to now, explaining why they've got proved many times problematical and providing an institutional solution"
summary: The 2000 presidential election, with its difficulties in Florida, was once no longer the 1st significant vote-counting controversy within the nation's history--nor the final. poll Battles lines the evolution of America's adventure with those disputes, from 1776 to now, explaining why they've got proved repeatedly frustrating and delivering an institutional resolution"
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Additional info for Ballot battles: the history of disputed elections in the United States
Bush v. Gore is a multifaceted story (as we shall see in Chapter 11). 1 Hamilton and Madison offer different visions of how to judge America’s success in the resolution of disputed elections. (a) Hamilton’s portrait by John Trumbull; National Gallery of Art . (b) Madison’s portrait by Gilbert Stuart; Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, gift of Mrs. Robbins. much to expect a presidential candidate to give up quickly. Bush would not accept the prospect that the Florida Supreme Court might engineer a recount that would give Al Gore the lead, and thus Bush went to federal court to block the Florida Supreme Court from doing so.
Governor William Livingston and his council met on March 3 to canvass the returns, as was their responsibility under the law. Livingston chose that date because the new Congress was to convene in New York the next day. By then only seven of New Jersey’s counties had closed their polls and submitted their returns. These seven were all the eastern counties except for Essex (home to Newark). Supporters of Clark and Dayton on the governor’s council wanted Livingston to declare the election over without waiting for the five U n c e r t a i n Vo t e - C o u n t i n g i n t h e F o u n d i n g E ra 35 western counties and Essex to report.
Whether we speak in terms of fairness, impartiality, or legitimacy, America has struggled to abide by its professed commitment to electoral integrity (defined, again, as an honest and accurate count of valid ballots). This struggle has persisted, moreover, even as the nation has made great progress in expanding voter eligibility. Why fulfillment of one core component of democracy has lagged behind achievement of the other is a complicated inquiry. A partial explanation lies in the fact that exceptionally close elections—those that yield ballot-counting disputes—are relatively infrequent.