Between Home and Homeland: Youth Aliyah from Nazi Germany by Dr. Brian Amkraut

By Dr. Brian Amkraut

The emigration of Jewish kids to Palestine to flee Hitler’s Germany. While the long run darkened for the Jews of Germany as Hitler and his fans assumed and consolidated strength in Germany, a few efforts, at the start random, uncoordinated, and sometimes at cross-purposes with each other, have been set underway either inside and with out German towns to facilitate the departure of Jews. between them was once the association, “Youth Aliyah” (aliyah refers back to the Zionist aim of a homecoming for Jews in old Israel). To today formative years Aliyah is taken into account by means of Israelis as an immense contribution to the root of a Jewish presence resulting in the trendy nation of Israel. Brian Amkraut follows the association from its institution, its alliances and antagonisms with different Jewish enterprises, its difficulties on each part, possibly the best being sheer human optimism ("surely issues gets better"). even though the various thousand youths who have been kept through elimination from the Holocaust have been a small percent of the younger Jewish inhabitants, the early life Aliyah software is greatly celebrated by way of those that search examples of Jewish service provider, of makes an attempt to withstand the arriving horror.  

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Extra info for Between Home and Homeland: Youth Aliyah from Nazi Germany (Judaic Studies Series)

Sample text

16 The Zionist Jüdische Rundschau repeatedly stressed that economic conditions in Palestine had never been more favorable. Zionism, it was claimed, offered the Jews the only real escape from the economic hopelessness that prevailed in Germany. Financial prospects could draw Jews out of the very dire spiritual and material straits of diaspora life and help construct a strong Jewish community in Palestine. Yet the outlook of German Zionists was certainly not monolithic. Many were not yet willing to concede that the Jewish people could no longer contribute to German society.

Youth Aliyah’s activity re®ected both the Jewish community’s desire to ensure the future of its younger generation and the response to challenges from sources inside and outside Germany in attaining this goal. 4 On January 30, 1933, the same day Adolf Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany, the Jüdische Jugendhilfe ( Jewish Youth-Aid), representing the interests of the Jewish youth groups, registered as a legal corporation in Germany. Freier was elected president and Adam Simonson of Brith Haolim was elected secretary.

8 On the other hand, both before Hitler assumed power and during the initial months of 1933, other Zionist leaders believed a Nazi government would recognize the 34 Chapter 2 ZVfD as the most suitable partner for resolving the Jewish question in Germany. According to this theory Nazis and Zionists shared the view that Jews were really a separate nation living as foreigners in Germany. 9 For supporters of the nascent Youth Aliyah movement, however, Germany’s changing political fortunes merely supported the argument that young Jews in Germany could only secure their future through physical and spiritual rebirth in the land of Israel.

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