Biobanks: Patents or open science? by Antonella De Robbio

By Antonella De Robbio

Biobanks signify a useful study instrument. because of their intrinsic and extrinsic nature, they are seemed upon as data or repositories principally made of libraries or collections of content material the place the content material is the organic fabric derived from diverse members or species, and symbolize helpful tangible resources. numerous contemporary tasks in biomedical learn have tried to make biobanks’ info freely on hand to others, with a view to foster innovation. lots of those projects have followed the open resource version, which has received frequent reputation within the machine undefined. the writer analyzes points of the commons and customary highbrow estate on the subject of the recommendations of non-public estate, not just touching on information yet organic fabrics besides, and the benefits and downsides of patents in medical study. She has based the booklet into 8 chapters and discusses how the time period "biobank" happened in medical literature, felony issues on the subject of biobanks, highbrow and actual estate, the highbrow estate of biobanks in the sphere of copyright, biotechnological innovations and study patentability, open information sharing in biobanks and biobanks as commons or vault.

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Intellectual property can be determined by physical property rights and therefore resulting economic rights, such as in the case of patents, or rights of a sui generis kind, concerning the management of the database related to the biobank. 17 Published by Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30 1 2 3 34R Biobanks Concept Map 1 The two biobank properties (physical and intellectual) Concept Map 2 The layout of the biobank’s physical property and informative database 18 Published by Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013 Intellectual and physical property Concept Map 3 From physical to intellectual property (industrial patents copyright) 19 Published by Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013 5 The intellectual property of biobanks within the sphere of copyright The term intellectual property indicates a legal system for the protection of intangible assets, which is beginning to gain signifi cant economic importance.

1977. Cryopreservation of blood mononuclear leukocytes and stem cells suspended in a large fluid volume. A preclinical model for a blood stem cell bank. Blut. 35(3): 195–202. Freshney, R. Ian. 2010. Culture of Animal Cells: A Manual of Basic Technique and Specialized Applications. John Wiley & Sons. Gitter, Donna. 2010. The Challenges of Achieving Open Source Sharing of Biobank Data. In International Conference Comparative Issues in the Governance of Research Biobanks: Property, Privacy, Intellectual Property, and the Role of Technology.

Nih. gov/mesh MeSH Medical Subject Headings is a controlled vocabulary – used by the MEDLINE/PubMed article database – created and updated by the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM) for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences. MeSH can also serve as a thesaurus that facilitates searching in several other databases. As at 2011, MeSH contained over 25500 subject headings also known as descriptors, arranged in a hierarchy. For the MeSH Tree Structures see List of MeSH Codes.

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