Discover what you are taking with the BMA Concise consultant to medication and medicine, the short reference advisor to greater than 2,500 prescription and over the counter medications from Britain's prime scientific authority, the BMA. Jargon-free and easy-to-follow, get the entire very important info you would like on modern day medicines quick. find out how they paintings, what they deal with, their dangers, advantages and unwanted effects, and the way to take advantage of them accurately and successfully. Plus locate unique descriptions and evidence on 278 prevalent drugs together with the newest on trip immunisations. The BMA Concise advisor to medication and medication is ideal for if you find yourself off to the chemist or health practitioner.
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Additional resources for BMA Concise Guide to Medicine & Drugs
As well as being the most widely used analgesic, it is one of the safest when taken correctly. It does not usually irritate the stomach and allergic reactions are rare. However, an overdose can cause severe and possibly fatal liver or kidney damage. Its toxic potential may be increased in heavy drinkers. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): aspirin Used for many years to relieve pain and reduce fever, aspirin also reduces inflammation by blocking the production of prostaglandins, which contribute to the swelling and pain in inflamed tissue.
When pain is treated under medical supervision, it is common to start with paracetamol or an NSAID; if neither provides adequate pain relief, they may be combined. A mild opioid such as codeine may also be used. If the less powerful drugs are ineffective, a strong opioid such as morphine may be given. As there is now a wide variety of oral analgesic formulations, injections are seldom necessary to control even the most severe pain. When using an over-the-counter preparation (for example, taking paracetamol for a headache) you should seek medical advice if pain persists for longer than 48 hours, recurs, or is worse or different from previous pain.
It may also prevent ejaculation. Risks and Special Precautions It is important to continue taking these drugs even if all symptoms have gone, because the symptoms are controlled only by taking the prescribed dose. Because antipsychotic drugs can have permanent as well as temporary side effects, the minimum necessary dosage is used. This minimum dose is found by starting with a low dose and increasing it until the symptoms are controlled. Sudden withdrawal after more than a few weeks can cause nausea, sweating, headache, and restlessness.