Bourdieu and Education: Acts of Practical Theory by Michael Grenfell, David James

By Michael Grenfell, David James

This article info the sensible functions of Bourdieu's theories in a sequence of particular pedagogic learn experiences, exhibiting how his principles might be placed into perform. Language, gender, occupation decision-making and the event of upper schooling scholars are all lined. Questions also are raised pertaining to examine technique. The authors learn Bourdieu's curiosity within the place of the researcher in the examine method. Bourdieu's impression is traced in elements either one of idea and perform. eventually, ideas, methods, equipment and strategies that could be derived from Bourdieu are instructed, and assessed, for sensible use in learn.

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Fields are bounded spheres identifiable in terms of shared areas of activities and contain and connect with other fields and various levels. Each is lubricated by forms of knowledge which are only partially consciously known, have their own self-referential legitimacy, and, to a large extent, operate in a tacit manner. Such knowledge forms conform to orthodox ways of viewing and being in the world, but equally, may exist as deviant opposition to such. Whether orthodox or non-orthodox, the mechanisms of reproduction are the same.

This is real enough, yet beneath this apparent generosity lies an altogether different function, one which involves the establishing of status and power relations which binds exchanging parties together. , honour). This is an example of the misrecognition of underlying processes. , 1990, p. 19). Such misrecognition operates in the education system, Bourdieu argues, through an arbitrary curriculum that is ‘naturalized’ so that social classifications are transformed into academic ones. , partial and technical hierarchies), such social classifications become ‘total’ hierarchies, experienced as if they were grounded in nature.

Subsequently, Bourdieu’s reputation as a ‘sociologist of education’ was established as a result of the publication, in 1977, of Reproduction in Education, Society and Culture. That reputation was consolidated by the publication in the States of The Inheritors (1979) which had, in fact, originally been published in French as Les Héritiers in 1964—before either of the articles which were included in Knowledge and Control. By the time these two translations of the late 1970s were receiving critical attention, Bourdieu was concluding a major research project on the educational and cultural characteristics of the captains of French industry— ‘le patronat’—and was beginning to become preoccupied with the significance of educational institutions as institutions at the time of his appointment to the Chair of Sociology at the Collège de France, Paris, in the autumn of 1981.

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