By United Nations
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Extra info for Bulletin on Narcotics: Illicit Drug Markets
To understand this, let us consider the fraction of total trafficker revenues accessible to those in the source zone. " Even if major drug trafficker organizations received one half of the transit-zone trafficker's profits, they would get only 5 per cent of total revenues. By comparison, the aggregate of all transitzone traffickers receive more than 5 per cent of total revenues and are much more diversified than the major drug trafficker organizations. Therefore, additional counter-cocaine dollars spent to deter sourcezone farmers or major drug trafficker organizations should cause more damage to the entire distribution system than comparable investments at other steps.
5 to all the internal market "step" estimates. Overall, with these adjustments, the total number of steps from the simplified model agree remarkably well with the presumed relative law enforcement pressures on cocaine -trafficking in each of these countries and regions. Using the United States as a template, the analysis yields a total number of trafficking steps from source to users for each country or region. It suggests that there is an extra middleman leading to European and Canadian users.
Closely related topics are usage and trafficking models as a basis for insights, employing the models to recognize the strategic vulnerabilities of narcotics distribution systems, the limits to drug-business adaptability, measures of effectiveness for counter-drug efforts and the evolution of a common analy-hcal framework for synthesizing disparate counter-drug efforts. Empirically validated models of drug abuse and trafficking as a basis for insight Three models are summarized below: the user function of drug abuse, the generic trafficker's business model and the pricequantity scaling of discounts up from farm gate to major drug trafficker organizations and from there down the distribution hierarchy to street users.