By Dave Renton
Referred to as 'The Cricketing Marxist', Cyril Lionel Robert James (1901–89) used to be one of many best black intellectuals of the 20 th century, a Marxist theorist of the 1st rank, and likewise one of many most interesting writers on cricket, along with his mythical publication Beyond a Boundary.
This seeming paradox is mirrored in different components of his existence and paintings: the manufactured from a British-style schooling and fanatical cricketer who by no means deserted the values the game inculcated in him, he used to be a Trotskyite expelled from the united states throughout the McCarthy period who was once a chum and notion to a new release of leaders of newly-independent African international locations akin to Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana and Julius Nyrere of Tanzania.
Described in his lifetime as 'the black Hegel' and 'the black Plato', his booklet at the 18th-century slave insurrection in Haiti, The Black Jacobins, is likely one of the nice old works of the 20 th century, but he was once by no means ok with the assumption of 'Black Studies'. during this attention-grabbing new learn of this seminal philosopher, Dave Renton hopes to 'persuade Marxist of the thrill of cricket, and fans of cricket of the calibre of James and of James' Marxism'.
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Extra info for C. L. R. James: Cricket's Philosopher King
7. A more simple discussion is given by M. C. Howard and J. E. King, The Political Economy of Marx (Harlow: Longman, 1985) 2nd edn, pp. 134-78. 3 First Debates in Value Theory, I Volume Ml of'Capital' As we saw in the previous chapter, M a r x had alluded briefly in volume I of Capital to the complications posed for his theory of value by the existence of free competition. In part II of the third volume he described the problem in considerable detail and set out his own solution to it. Competition in the market for labour power equalises the rate of exploitation in all industries, since in equilibrium b o t h the working day and the real wage will be uniform, and so too will be the a m o u n t of surplus value t h a t capitalists can extract from each worker employed.
A. ' 1 1 2 Engels's published defence of Marx had three c o m p o n e n t s . First, M a r x had not read R o d b e r t u s before about 1859, when his own ideas were already fully formed. Second, both men had been anticipated in their ideas on surplus value by the writings of the early British socialists, w h o m M a r x had rescued from obscurity but whose existence was u n k n o w n to Rodbertus. Finally, and most i m p o r t a n t , M a r x ' s analysis was logically superior to that of R o d b e r t u s : 4 5 •Readers who are relatively unfamiliar with the transformation problem are advised to read Chapter 3 first, and [hen return to this chapter.
P. Angel, Eduard Bernstein et/'Evolution (hi Socialisme Allemand(Paris: Marcel Didier, 1961) pp. 154-5, 192-3, 207; R. Fletcher, Revisionism and Empire: Socialist Imperialism in Germany 1897-1914 (London: Allen & Unwin, 1984) pp. 8; 112. 23. C. Schmidt, Die Durchschnittsprofilrate auf Grundlage des Marx'schen Werthge- setzes (Stuttgart: Dietz, 1889). 24. Schmidt to Engels, 19 February 1888, dale indistinct, 18 June 1891, 25 October 1891, 25. Engels, Preface to Capital, volume III, p, 16; cf. Schmidt, Die Durchschnit tsprofitrate pp.