By Graeme Mount
In 1898, Spanish spies established in Montreal, Halifax, and Victoria monitored the us warfare attempt opposed to their place of birth, whereas U.S. counter-intelligence officers watched the Spaniards. Neither the americans nor the Spaniards sought Canadian permission for those actions. Britain's enemies (and frequently America's enemies) have additionally been Canada's enemies. with no the heroic counter-intelligence of the mysterious Agent X, Irish americans on the flip of the century may need blasted British Columbia's legislature and the Esquimalt naval base the way in which they blasted the Welland Canal. in the course of international struggle I, counter-intelligence did not cease German brokers who bombed the Windsor-Walkerville sector in addition to the CPR bridge at the Maine-New Brunswick border. in the meantime, Canadian defense officers ran round in a nation of frantic frustration due to German "conspiracies" alongside the Ontario-New York nation border imagined through Sir Courtney bennett, British consul-general in long island urban. After the warfare, American moles in a Latvian put up workplace monitored mail among Canadian Communists and Moscow. within the thirties, a Finnish-Canadian clergyman spied on Sudbury's pink Finns for the us consultate inNorth Bay, and Hitler's consuls maintained surveillance of Canadian politicians and German dissidents in Canada. in the course of global conflict II, Canadian gurus intercepted the mail of envoys from Vichy-France, suspected of spying for Germany, and from Franco's Spain, suspected of spying for Japan. within the Sixties, the CIA not just saw Cubans in Canada, but in addition watched the location in Quebec and used a Canadian diplomat to gather info on North Vietnam. a few of this heritage has merged from formerly missed and newly declassified records from ecu, American, and Canadian files. those newly published info exhibit that Canada is a fascinating position, either for what Canadians do in other places and for what foreigners do in Canada. additionally, as soon as readers have obvious the types of actions during which associates interact, they're much less shocked at what enemies have performed.
Read Online or Download Canada's Enemies: Spies and Spying in the Peaceable Kingdom PDF
Similar canadian books
George Brown (1818-1880) was once the influential editor of the Toronto Globe, the main robust newspaper in British North the US. He used to be additionally chief of the Liberal occasion, arch-rival of John A. Macdonald, and the statesman who held the most important to Confederation at its most important degree. This moment quantity strains the sectional clash that introduced political impasse by way of 1864 and makes transparent Brown’s important functionality find a manner out.
"We think Al Qaeda maintains to have a terrorist infrastructure in Canada, one with documented hyperlinks to the U. S. whereas many border security features were applied because Sept. 11, the gigantic expanse of the 4,000-mile-long U. S. northern border, with eighty-six issues of access and diverse unofficial crossings, should supply possibilities for operatives to penetrate U.
This spring, the citizens of Canada's northwest territories could be balloting in a landmark plebiscite, the results of that can good make sure the life-style of the local humans of the sector for generations to return. whereas a few representatives of the Tungavik Federation of Nunavut are in favour of the deal, which might proclaim the hot territory of Nunavut, others, Inuit in addition to representatives of Indian teams, argue that its passing may possibly restrict the facility of the local humans to defend their tradition.
Hillger provides a research of Michael Ondaatje's aesthetics and his position in the smooth quest for self and the Canadian quest for nationwide id.
- The Feminization of Poverty: Only in America? (Contributions in Women's Studies)
- First Person Plural: Aboriginal Storytelling and the Ethics of Collaborative Authorship
- Allan Maclean, Jacobite General: The Life of an Eighteenth Century Career Soldier
- Dominant Impressions: Essays on the Canadian Short Story (Reappraisals: Canadian Writers)
- Alien Invasion: How the Harris Tories Mismanaged Ontario
- Thomas Crosby and the Tsimshian: Small Shoes for Feet Too Large
Additional resources for Canada's Enemies: Spies and Spying in the Peaceable Kingdom
Irish terrorists, who hated the British and worked with Germans, were another threat, but they appear to have attempted amazingly few attacks on Canadian targets. Before his unceremonious departure from the United States, von Papen also tried to recruit Sikhs as German agents. On 27 December 1914, another cable from Zimmermann to von Bernstorff told the ambassador to provide financial assistance to Sikh revolutionaries at the University of California's Berkeley campus, where Har Dayal was a teacher.
To some extent, the British relied on their own resources for IrishAmerican control, but, as they were operating in the United States — a friendly foreign country whose British policy under Woodrow Wilson was one of benevolent neutrality - they also cooperated with Americans, at least after Robert Lansing replaced Bryan as Secretary of State in 1915. P. " Leay in turn reported the matter to Cecil Arthur Spring Rice, British ambassador in the United States, and Spring Rice told Leay to notify the local police about any such threats.
Hussey, superintendent of the Provincial Police in Victoria. Throughout March 1900 the British Columbia Provincial Police and the senior naval officer in Esquimalt remained in constant contact with the British consulate-general in San Francisco which, in turn, passed messages back and forth. On 28 March, X reported that she had interviewed a fanatically anti-British Irish-American named Donovan the previous day. " He told X that his father was an Irish Fenian whom the British had executed. After the execution, British authorities had confiscated the family's property.