By editors, James F. Weiner, Katie Glaskin.
The most subject matter of this quantity is a dialogue of the ways that criminal mechanisms, similar to the Land teams Incorporation Act (1974) in PNG, and the local identify Act (1993) in Australia, don't, as they purport, serve simply to spot and sign up already-existing normal indigenous landowning teams in those international locations. as the laws is a vital part of how within which indigenous everyone is outlined and controlled relating to the country, it serves to elicit specific responses in landowner agency and self-identification at the a part of indigenous humans. those items of laws actively contour the revolutionary evolution of landowner social, territorial and political agency in any respect degrees in those country states. The members to this quantity supply in-depth anthropological case stories of social structural and cultural changes engendered by way of the disagreement among states, builders and indigenous groups over rights to quite often owned land.
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Additional info for Customary land tenure and registration in Australia and Papua New Guinea : anthropological perspectives (Asia-Pacific Environment Monograph 3)
23 Most pressing were the problems of claims to alienated lands, mainly foreign-owned plantations which in some areas were contributing to pressures on land and racial conflict. 24 The CILM had called for such a law to enable the vesting of land titles in customary groups, but the Act was brought in initially to allow the vesting of registered titles in redistributed plantations. 25 Two of the CILM’s small support staff of advisers were the anthropologist Professor Ron Crocombe, then Professor of Pacific Studies at the University of the South Pacific in Fiji, and Dr Alan Ward, then a Senior Lecturer in History at La Trobe University in Melbourne and an authority on Maori land affairs.
8 For a criticism of the term ‘communal’ with respect to customary land tenures, see Fingleton (2005: 3–4). 17 Customary Land Tenure and Registration in Australia and Papua New Guinea In the early 1970s the Australian Administration proposed another major scheme of land legislation, but introduction of such reforms on the eve of Independence was controversial, and in the face of strong opposition the proposed laws were withdrawn. After the 1972 national election, the coalition government led by Michael Somare set up a Commission of Inquiry to make recommendations for reform of land policies, laws and administration in preparation for Independence.
The Mining Act of 1992 has no similar requirement for ILGs. 32 A newspaper advertisement early in 2004 referred to 599 ILGs in one Forest Management Area in the Gulf Province. 33 In these circumstances, most of the critical comment has been on the problems of group recognition and organisation, but some critics have also attacked the attempt to vest registered titles in customary groups. I have not carried out a systematic review of the literature, but sufficient, I think, to give a representative account of the main problems being encountered by ILGs.