By Michael Hart
On 2 January 1988, Canada and the us signed what used to be then the main entire unfastened exchange agreeement the area had ever noticeable. This e-book is the tale of the FTA negotiations, the arrangements for and behavior of the negotiations, in addition to the guidelines and concerns in the back of them. From their particular viewpoint as members, Michael Hart, invoice Dymond, and Colin Robertson seize the drama and the personalities focused on the lengthy fight to make a unfastened alternate deal. They describe the vast consultations, the turf-fighting between insiders, the innate warning of either politicians and bureaucrats, and the necessity to domesticate strong constituencies so one can triumph over the inertia of traditional knowledge.
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Additional resources for Decision at midnight: inside the Canada-US free trade negotiations
By the mid-igSos, apart from Australia, Canada was the only advanced industrial country in the world that did not have secure access to a large market of 100 million or more people. 18 Adherents of the status quo also seemed ready to ignore the subtle, gradual, and fundamental changes taking place in the capacity of the GATT rules to protect and advance Canadian trade interests with its principal trading partner. Whatever its strengths had been in providing a general framework of rules and a world forum for trade negotiations, GATT was proving insufficient to deal with the massive and complex Canada-US trade and economic relationship.
Thus the mercantilist regards a trade negotiation like a carpet sale: get as much as you can and give as little as you can. 20 For mercantilists, there is no inherent value in MFN or national treatment and hardly any place for rewarding competition, comparative advantage, and dynamic efficiencies. 21 Most-favoured-nation and national treatment are essential preconditions to liberalization based on reciprocal trade negotiations. At the post-war conferences which established the GATT, agreement on most-favoured-nation and national treatment enabled the first round of tariff cutting to succeed.
Within the political science cadre of researchers, Gil Winham, a professor from Dalhousie University in Halifax with an interest in trade policy and the conduct of negotiations, had come to the same conclusion. The issue to be addressed was free trade. A third research coordinator, Jack Quinn, a law professor at Osgoode Hall in Toronto, shared Whalley's and Winham's assessment that if the Commission wanted to make a statement about trade policy, it had to confront Canada-US free trade. Over the course of the summer of 1984, these three researchers began to put together the elements of a package for consideration by commissioners in the fall.