Democracy without Borders: Transnationalisation and by Jean Grugel

By Jean Grugel

This booklet carves out a brand new region of democratisation reports via analysing the transnational size and the function of non kingdom actors throughout 3 assorted nation-states. Chapters utilise empirical information from Europe, Africa and Latin the United States.

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Extra info for Democracy without Borders: Transnationalisation and Conditionality in New Democracies (Routledge Ecpr Studies in European Political Science, 10)

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While an agency perspective (as opposed to structuralism) is a precondition for a meaningful and in-depth analysis of democratization understood as a process of subsequent liberalization, transition and consolidation, democratization cannot be understood by referring only to strategic and rational interest calculation at a particular point in time. It is the result of a complex interaction of international and domestic factors where initially competitive claims about the better social order are exchanged, and significant pro-democratic actors appear.

Another error has been to use the data to draw conclusions about the emergence and the chances of survival for democracy. It might well be that democracy is more likely to survive in a wealthy nation, but this claim is logically different from suggesting that democracy is the necessary result of economic development (Przeworski and Limongi 1997: 156). In their own recent statistical work Przeworski and Limongi (1997) concluded that even a threshold of $4000 US income per capita was not enough to make dictatorships go away.

The agency-based approach began to dominate the democratization debate. Authors like Schmitter, Whitehead, Di Palma, Przeworski, Karl, O’Donnell and others took up the ideas originally developed by Dankwart Rustow in 1970 and began to challenge structural explanations of transition processes by moving their research focus towards actors, political entrepreneurship, and the processes of change. This demand-driven movement addressed issues that structural explanations had ignored. ). ‘The characteristics of societies that have become democratic are sufficiently diverse to suggest that less attention should be paid to conditions and prerequisites [and] more to strategies available to those who seek a democratic revolution’ (Weiner 1987: 863).

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