By Stephen L. Percy
Following at the heels of alternative Civil Rights hobbies, incapacity rights legislation emerged within the overdue Sixties and early Nineteen Seventies. usually those legislation have been extra symbolic than targeted by way of pursuits and techniques for implementation of antidiscrimination guidelines. coverage refinement, the method of translating legislative mandates into thoughts and strategies to control administrative motion, is either dynamic and debatable. the basis of the booklet is that implementation rules in those components developed via protracted political struggles between a number of individuals and teams suffering from incapacity rights legislation. Efforts to persuade rules prolonged a ways past the method of legislative enactment and ended in struggles that have been performed out within the courts and within the government department. integrated inside this exam of federal incapacity rights legislation is the position of symbolic politics, the strengths and weaknesses of latest types used for the examine of coverage implementation, and the politics of administrative policymaking.
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Additional info for Disability, Civil Rights, and Public Policy: The Politics of Implementation
Questions about costs and benefits arose from the controversy about specially designed buses, including ones about who should pay the cost of accommodation, the extent of benefits received by the disabled community, and ultimately the most difficult question, how far the public sector must go (and how much it must spend) to accommodate the needs of an identified minority group. Arguments about disability policy are not limited to public transportation. Employers, bound by section 504 protections to reasonably accommodate handicapped workers, have questioned the type and extent of accommodations they must make.
Otherwise, efforts to implement mandates may become mired in charges and counter-charges, and ultimately in lawsuits that only very slowly resolve questions about the precise meaning of mandates. Competing Interests and Values The legislative history of the ADA demonstrates the variety of interests and values that have typically been associated with the creation and implementation of disability rights policies. The act was supported by a large array Page xvii of groups representing individuals with many different types of mental and physical impairments.
The result of their effortsof handicapped individuals to achieve equality in society and regulated parties to protect their control over operations and costsis the rich set of creatively balanced public policies included in the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. This book documents both the path and political struggles that culminated in the landmark protections afforded by the ADA. Notes 1. Public Law 101336 enacted July 26, 1990. 2. Diane Colasanto, "Public Wants Civil Rights Widened for Some Groups, Not for Others," The Gallup Poll Monthly 291 (December 1989): 1314.