Disability in Japan by Carolyn S. Stevens

By Carolyn S. Stevens

Disability and persistent ailment represents a distinct form of cultural variety, the "other" to "normal" able-bodiedness. so much experiences of incapacity think about incapacity in North American or eu contexts; and reports of variety in Japan examine ethnic and cultural variety, yet now not the variations coming up from incapacity. This publication hence breaks new floor, either for students of incapacity experiences and for jap reports students. It charts the background and nature of incapacity in Japan, discusses coverage and legislation with regards to incapacity, examines caregiving and accessibility, and explores how incapacity is considered in Japan. during the ebook highlights the stress among person accountability and country intervention, the problems referring to how deal with incapacity is paid for, and the detailed challenge of the way Japan is delivering deal with its huge and lengthening inhabitants of aged humans.

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2011a) Nishida believes that the lack of a legal definition means that screening processes are subjective and inconsistent. The inadequacy of the screening process for intellectual disability is demonstrated by the high percentage of prisoners diagnosed with intellectual disability: Today, it is said that nearly 30 per cent of people imprisoned in Japan have an intellectual disability . . this is a problem, but it is not [widely] regarded Disability in the Japanese context 31 as a problem [because] people with intellectual disabilities are said to be more likely to commit crimes [anyway].

In some ancient texts his name was recorded using the former characters for ‘leech’, with the meaning ‘unable to stand’ (Kida cited in Tada 1988: 43), reprising the ancient Shinto myth. Today Ebisu is written with characters meaning ‘blessing’ and ‘longevity’, and he is portrayed as a deity who is cheerful and pleasant, also not unlike idealistic characterizations of people with intellectual disabilities, who are often described as charmingly innocent and childlike. Japanese Buddhism is more straightforward in its association of disability with negative karma; for example, the birth of a child with a disability was taken as a statement about the morality of the parents (Nakamura 2006: 34).

People with disabilities all experience social oppression in some shape or form, but my daughter’s experience of social oppression (in her eyes, she is oppressed because I won’t let her eat dirt in the garden) is very different from that of a person with a psychiatric disability seeking employment. As noted above, much of these academic developments in disability studies occurred in the English language literature, but Priestly notes that approximately 80 per cent of the world’s population with a disability live in developing countries.

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