By Siegbert Melzer, Andreas E. Müller, Christian Jung (auth.), Roberto Tuberosa, Andreas Graner, Emile Frison (eds.)
Our lives and health in detail depend upon the exploitation of the plant genetic assets on hand to our breeding courses. for this reason, extra huge exploration and potent exploitation of plant genetic assets are crucial must haves for the discharge of more advantageous cultivars. as a result, the amazing development in genomics techniques and extra lately in sequencing and bioinformatics deals exceptional possibilities for mining germplasm collections, mapping and cloning loci of curiosity, opting for novel alleles and deploying them for breeding reasons. This ebook collects forty eight hugely interdisciplinary articles describing how genomics improves our potential to signify and harness typical and artificially brought on edition in an effort to increase crop productiveness and supply shoppers with top of the range nutrition. This e-book could be a useful reference for all these attracted to coping with, mining and harnessing the genetic richness of plant genetic resources.
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Additional info for Genomics of Plant Genetic Resources: Volume 2. Crop productivity, food security and nutritional quality
Planta 228:929–940 Chia T, Müller A, Jung C, Mutasa-Göttgens E (2008) Sugar beet contains a large CONSTANS-LIKE gene family including a putative CO homologue that is independent of the early-bolting (B) gene locus. J Exp Bot 59:2735–2748 Doi K, Izawa T, Fuse T et al (2004) Ehd1, a B-type response regulator in rice, confers short-day promotion of flowering and controls FT-like gene expression independently of Hd1. Genes Dev 18:926–936 El-Mezawy A, Dreyer F, Jacobs G, Jung C (2002) High resolution mapping of the bolting gene B of sugar beet.
First of all an inventory is needed of the available genetic resources. Phenotypic screens are needed to uncover potential expected and even unanticipated alleles. Next, using genetic and molecular tools, the alleles responsible for the identified traits must be traced and distinguished in order to be introgressed into new varieties. In this review we focus on the identification of novel disease resistance traits in the agronomically important genus Solanum. The fact that R genes are present in multigene clusters within the genome, which often include many paralogs necessitates thorough discussion on the distinction between alleles and paralogs.
Interestingly, all sugar beets bolted early after winter whereas wild beets showed a larger variation for bolting behavior even after winter (unpublished data). This demonstrates the potential to breed beets with altered bolting characters from the primary gene pool of B. vulgaris. With the sequences of major flowering time regulators at hand, it has also become possible to analyze phenotypic variation in 1 Genetics and Genomics of Flowering Time Regulation in Sugar Beet 19 bolting time for associations with sequence variation in candidate genes, and a corresponding project has been initiated.