Geomorphological impacts of extreme weather: Case studies by Judit Bartholy, Rita Pongrácz (auth.), Denes Loczy (eds.)

By Judit Bartholy, Rita Pongrácz (auth.), Denes Loczy (eds.)

This booklet provides new learn at the geomorphological affects of maximum precipitation occasions. It makes a speciality of the intense summer time floods, which affected relevant and japanese Europe in 2010. Case stories on their outcomes, together with inundations, city flooding, soil erosion, river financial institution retreat, alluvial fan accumulation, evolution of karst depressions, particles flows, landslides and soil saturation are awarded for Poland, the Czech Republic, Ukraine, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria and Macedonia. This key utilized geomorphology booklet is essential for an individual attracted to those procedures and their outcomes and in addition for choice makers who face those catastrophes.

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Precipitation indices include the number of wet days (using several threshold values defining extremes), the maximum number of consecutive dry days (CDD), the highest 1-day precipitation amount (RX1D), and the highest 5-day rainfall total (RX5D). 1 Spring and Summer Weather in 2010: Regular or Exceptional? 15 Fig. 10 Composite map of the weighted projected seasonal mean precipitation changes (%) by 2021–2050 and 2071–2100 (reference period: 1961–1990) In order to estimate the bias of the different RCM simulations, outputs from 1951 to 2000 were compared to the E-OBS data sets (Haylock et al.

Gorczyca et al. Fig. 1 Study areas: 1, Wisznia basin; 2, Hoczewka River basin; 3, Western Tatras; 4, Upper Wisłoka basin term but are often clustered with short intervals between them (days, months, or years) (Starkel and Sarkar 2002). The intervals are too short for the system affected to recover after the previous event, and it arrives at a new equilibrium. During the period 2003–2010, the slopes and valleys of the Carpathian Mountains underwent considerable transformations following intense precipitation and rapid thawing (Gorczyca 2004, 2008; Izmaiłow et al.

11 Fig. 7 Mean precipitation anomalies (mm) for the Central/Eastern European region in May (a) and in May–September period (b) (reference period: 1979–2000 (Data source: GPCC, DWD) monthly rainfall amount occurred since 1901) was wetter than that of 2010, but only by 6 mm on average. Over the entire year, the spatially averaged annual precipitation was 69% above the usual (Fig. 9). A new record annual precipitation (1,554 mm) was measured at Ja´vorku´t (Bu¨kk Mountains, Northeastern Hungary) (Fig.

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