By Raymond Riezman
This publication offers a entire view of contemporary advancements within the conception of foreign exchange agreements and political financial system, through targeting study through Raymond Riezman. This pioneering paintings brought phrases of exchange results and strategic habit to the idea of foreign exchange agreements. this can be complemented via a cautious research of ways politics impacts foreign exchange agreements.
The booklet brings jointly paintings which specializes in the query of why overseas exchange agreements ensue and what kinds they take.
Readership: Graduates and researchers in foreign economics; execs and coverage makers all for judgements relating to foreign alternate; normal public attracted to political economic system.
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Additional info for International Trade Agreements and Political Economy
Pairs of countries can cooperate and pursue joint strategies against the third country. How this possibility affects the outcome is the focus of this research. With three countries there are five distinct cooperation possibilities. There could be no cooperation. All countries could cooperate or any pair of countries (there are three distinct pairs) could cooperate. Suppose no countries cooperate. Assume they adopt a Nash noncooperative strategy. They each set their tariff rates to maximize utility assuming other tariffs are fixed.
In the standard case both countries are worse off than at free trade, b > c, b' > c'. The Johnson case occurs when one country benefits from a tariff war. In terms of Table I this would mean that b > c and c' > b' (or c > band b' > c'). Putting the optimal tariff theorem results and Johnson's tariff retaliation results together we have two possibilities. In the standard case we have, a> b > c> d and a' > b' > c' > d', both countries lose from the tariff war. In the Johnson case we have a> c > b > d and a' > b' > c' > d', one country gains from the tariff war.
For the moment we leave problems of internal distribution aside by assuming the existence of a Von Neumann type utility function for each country . Furthermore, we simplify the problem by assuming that each country has only two alternative strategies from which to choose, no tariff or the optimal tariff (given the other country's existing tariff). A strategy is a rule which describes a country's tariff rates under all possible circumstances. In our model, the strategy 8 indicates that a country charges a zero tariff regardless of the other country's tariff.