Nutrition Policy in Canada, 1870-1939 by Aleck S. Ostry

By Aleck S. Ostry

Nutrition coverage in Canada, 1870-1939, examines the ancient alliances between undefined, public well-being execs, and the departments of agriculture and healthiness relating to the emergence of Canada’s nutrients protection process and the improvement of nutritional criteria and foodstuff policy.

Using either extant secondary old resources in addition to fundamental records, Aleck Ostry exhibits how the scientific career grew to become actively curious about dishing out dietary suggestion in the course of the nice melancholy. because the economic system worsened, Canada, in live performance with different international locations, carried out nutritional surveys in an try to confirm the dietary prestige of Canadians. Canada additionally instituted the world’s first sleek nationwide nutritional ordinary and, by means of the eve of worldwide battle II, had constructed a countrywide meals coverage establishment, the Canadian Council on meals. Ostry surveys those early advancements in food coverage within the context of adjusting foodstuff safeguard matters, quite throughout the demanding financial occasions of the Thirties whilst, ironically, the well-being prestige of the inhabitants more desirable dramatically.

Particularly correct in an period during which nutrition defense concerns thieve headlines, Nutrition coverage in Canada, 1870-1939, will entice students and scholars drawn to foodstuff and foodstuff defense in addition to to coverage makers and practitioners within the parts of foodstuff and neighborhood well-being.

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In a process called “divination by stool” and “coprophyllic fetishism,” physicians would determine the cause of an infant’s ills and modify its formula accordingly (Goldbloom 1945). ” This may have been because, at this time in Canada, pediatrics was relatively underdeveloped (MacGregor 1923). Although pediatrics had established itself in Britain and the United States at the end of the nineteenth century, Canada lagged behind. In 1914 there were two pediatricians in Canada (Commachio 1993). By 1922 the Society for the Study of the Diseases of Children had been established.

Advice promoting breastfeeding among poor working women was often ineffective. As Chandler and other experts began to note in the mid-1920s, the juxtaposition of breastfed and artificially fed babies in child welfare clinics, particularly with regard to the highly visible act of weighing babies, appeared to weaken the appeal of breastfeeding among poor women. It is not clear whether the move to artificial feeding among poor women was driven by work pressures or by the fact that safe and clean cow’s milk was often available at these clinics and increasingly in some cities through the general milk supply.

This is because, among rural families, lack of income did not block access to food to the same extent as it did among urban families. And, as has been seen in other countries in the midst of industrial revolutions, urban populations bear the brunt of the inadequacies of public health infrastructure as cities slowly develop sewers, garbage disposal, clean water, and food inspection services. Thus general living and nutritional conditions in the cities were likely less healthy than were those in the countryside.

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