Semiconductor optical amplifiers by Nilroy K. Dutta, Qiang Wang

By Nilroy K. Dutta, Qiang Wang

This important booklet offers a finished therapy of the layout and functions of the semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). SOAs are very important elements for optical verbal exchange platforms with purposes as in-line amplifiers and as useful units in evolving optical networks. The sensible purposes of SOAs have been first studied within the early Nineteen Nineties; because then, the range and scope of such functions were progressively transforming into. "Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers" is self-contained and unified in presentation. The remedies within the e-book are specific adequate to seize the curiosity of the curious reader and sufficiently whole to supply the required history to discover the topic additional. it truly is meant for use as a complicated textual content by way of graduate scholars and through practising engineers yet is additionally appropriate for non-experts who desire to have an summary of optical amplifiers.

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3 µm InGaAsP. 3 µm InGaAsP. 08 m0 , where m0 , mhh , mlh are the free electron, heavy hole, and the light hole mass, respectively. 1 shows that nt , is considerably smaller at low temperatures. For optical gain the injected carrier density must be higher than nt . The high carrier densities needed for gain can be generated in a semiconductor by optical excitation or current injection. The optical gain as a function of carrier density and current density is discussed in detail in Chapter 3. The amplifier gain is higher at low temperature for the same injection current.

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7) ∆νa is known as the amplifier bandwidth. As expected, ∆νa is smaller than ∆νg , the value of ∆νa depends on the amplifier gain. 1) shows that the material gain depends on the optical power (P ). For low optical powers, the gain is higher than that for high optical powers. This is the origin of gain saturation. Since g is reduced when P becomes comparable to Ps , the amplifier gain G also decreases when P becomes large. For simplicity, we consider the case when the frequency of FA January 2, 2006 10:34 SPI-B340: Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (Ed: Chee Hock) 18 Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers the incident light ω = ω0 , in this case, using Eqs.

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