The Coming of the Book: The Impact of Printing 1450-1800 by Lucien Febvre, Henri-Jean Martin

By Lucien Febvre, Henri-Jean Martin

Books, and the published notice extra normally, are features of recent lifestyles which are all too usually taken without any consideration. but the emergence of the booklet used to be a technique of gigantic ancient value and heralded the dawning of the epoch of modernity. during this a lot praised historical past of that approach, Lucien Febvre and Henri-Jean Martin mesh jointly financial and technological heritage, sociology and anthropology, in addition to the research of modes of realization, to root the advance of the published note within the altering social relatives and ideological struggles of Western Europe.

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Whole new species of trades was created which depended A on paper: carriers, box-makers, playing-card makers, bill-posters and 40 whose precise duties were never exactly demarcated, lawsuits between the rival Guilds. endless despite Yet the main customer was still the printer, the newest arrival. The related trades press was a huge consumer of paper, using 3 reams a day per press. In the 1 6th century (figures are impossible for the earliest period because there is little documentary evidence) there were at a conservative estimate between 500 and 1,000 presses at work in France, so that paper mills had to supply anything from 1,500 to 3,000 reams a day to keep them in production, which means 450,000 to 900,000 reams a year, if It is not surprising to find that one they were working at full capacity.

The supplied instructions he placed in the margin have generally disappeared in illuminator's atelier latter The our surviving manuscripts, though Leopold Delisle 23 has tracked down numerous examples. They seem to have been very brief- for example 'a : Pope on his throne'; 'two monks'; 'a lady on horseback'. The chief artist would first take charge and decide in greater detail what scenes and 24 If the manuscript was not too expensive portraits were to be drawn. he would be content to do a rapid sketch in pencil to help his pupils Manuscripts 27 compose their pictures, according to rules which were well understood and which they had put into practice a thousand times before.

Thus we letter have proof that the work was done in stages. The illumination, if it was required, came next. This art has been studied in some depth and thanks to the work of Henri Martin we have long had of craft organisation; 22 its demonstration of how, in introduce The serial but here we considerable knowledge our account to a will confine this field as well, attempts were made to production. was separate from the copyist's, though the artist with an indication of the illustrations he wanted.

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