Environmental & Socio-Economic Benefits

Environmental Benefits

The benefit of our REEF faclities on the environment are far reaching by creating positive impact locally and globally.  These benefits include:

  • Very small land use footprint with vertical design
  • Carbon negative footprint on world’s climate
  • Negative seafood print on world’s oceans
  • Shrinks land use footprint
  • Minimal inputs of water, energy with high efficiency
  • Zero discharge of wastes
  • Assured production not impacted by weather or availability of water or fertilizers
  • Offers superior food quality and safety
  • No contamination from E-coli or other diseases/contaminates
  • No use of GMO’s, petroleum based fertilizers or chemical pesticides

Socio-Economic Benefit

Ecoponex’s REEF Facilities create a number of significant socio-economic benefits for local communities.  These include:

  • Creates jobs and sustainable economic development in rural and urban areas with significant multiplier impacts with direct, indirect and induced benefits
  • Offers educational and job training opportunities
  • Promotes local economic, food and energy self-reliance, security and independence
  • Local food and energy production keeps money in economy
  • Provides local healthy food choices to reduce heath care medical costs and improved quality of life while improving diet and reducing obesity, diabetes, heart disease
  • Helps address overpopulation, hunger and malnutrition in developed and developing regions
  • Greater crop yields than conventional farming means lower cost, higher profitability


Overview of Model REEFs




- 1.0 acre footprint for Inner City

    • Produces enough fresh food to feed 86,600 peoplefor one year.


-  with vegetables (leafy greens, tomatoes, cucumbers) and fish (salmon).

  • Generates enough energy for 366 families for a year.
  • Saves enough water to supply 581 peoplefor a year.






- 4.0 acre footprint for large Dairy Farm


  • Produces 50% of the fresh animal feed for 2,000 dairy cattle.
  • Saves enough water to supply 18,932 people annually.
  • Generates enough energy to run entire dairy farm and REEF.
  • Produces enough biogas to fuel 7 milk trucks or farm vehicles.



Potential Impact of Urban REEFs

If We Built 100 URBAN REEFs (for Inner Cities/Communities)

  • Supply 33 million pounds of fresh vegetables for 2.53 million People
  • Produce 20 million pounds of fresh fish for 5.6 million People
  • Save 2,121 acre feet of Water for 36,600 People
  • Generate 34 MW’s of Green Power
  • Create 2,300+ Jobs
  • Conserve 2,790 acres of Farmland
  • Cut 1.19 million tons of CO2 per year
  • Reduce Seafood Print impact by 4.6 million ton/yr 

Potential Impact of Rural REEFs

If We Built 200 RURAL REEFs (for Dairy Farms)

  • Save 308,000 acre feet of Water for 2.98 million People  (NOTE: population of Los Angeles is 3.86 million)
  • Generate 168 MW’s of Green Power
  • Produce clean Biogas to fuel 1,400 Vehicles
  • Output of Animal Feed to 400,000 Dairy Cattle
  • Create 7,800+ Jobs
  • Conserve 169,200 Acres of Farmland
  • Cut  2.23 million Tons of CO2 per year (NOTE: mainly from methane gas that is 21 times more potent than CO2) 

Land-Water-Carbon Footprint Impact

ANIMAL FEED PRODUCTION for a: 5-acre Rural REEF Facility verses a conventional 2,000 head Dairy Farm

AnimalFeed-Graph1 AnimalFeed-Graph2



  • LAND 846 ACRES



  • CARBON 11,918 tonnes/yr



  • WATER  450.2 million gal/yr or 1,540 acre feet/yr



  • Domestic WATER supply for 12,334 people


VEGETABLE PRODUCTION for a: 1-acre Urban REEF Facility verses a conventional 29-acre farm (growing tomatoes)

Vegetable-Graph1 Vegetable-Graph2



  • LAND 27.9 ACRES



  • CARBON 95.4 tonnes



  • WATER 21.2 million gal/yr or 65.1 acre feet



  • Domestic WATER supply for 1581 people


Ocean Seafood Print

  • To raise 1.0 lb of predator fish (e.g. salmon, tuna, cod, etc.) in the ocean requires 1,110 lbs of biomass in the lower food chain
  • Cultivating 1.0 lb of predator fish (e.g. salmon, tuna, cod, etc.) in a land-based Ecoponex RAS aquaculture system saves 1,110 lbs of biomass in ocean
  • This is defined as “OCEAN SEAFOOD PRINT” (this term was first defined in 2009 by the university of British Columbia, CA and used by National Geographic magazine)